Constructivism: An Approach in Training Nursing Students in the Clinical Setting.

  • Genevive Claire Belen Antonio Saint Louis University
Keywords: Constructivism, training nursing students, clinical setting



            Nurses are important in the society because of their soft and caring hands.  Because of the changing needs and increase in demand of care, today’s generation nurses are expected to be critically thinking of their own to be effective without depending too much from the other health care team.  Educators in the clinical setting have to utilize new teaching innovations that would create proficient nurses.  This paper aims to display that constructivist approach will enable nursing students to deal with complex situations in the hospital through analysis, application, evaluation, and creation; increase motivation and autonomy in nursing care with critical decision making; confirms active construction of knowledge among nursing students using language based on past experiences; enhance communication among students that provide real world examples and will provide them with experience-based learning opportunities to practice.

            Student nurses are active learners in the clinical area because of their philosophy that their client’s health and well-being depends on their hands.  This paper concludes that constructivist approach will create globally competent nursing students and enable them to deal with complex situations in the hospital through analysis, application, evaluation and creation with motivation and autonomy.  It is the duty of the educators to enhance that skill by letting them actively construct knowledge using language based on past experiences, then context-rich.  This kind of learning strategy will provide learners with experience-based learning opportunities to practice skilled with appropriate decision making process.  Let us not waste what students know, instead, we save, preserve and add.  Educators need to let these students feel that as early as internship, they are capable and competent in providing quality care.  Therefore, guidance is needed and not directives.


Bain, K. (2004). What makes great teachers great? The Chronicle of Higher Education. 7-9_Balkon, NA. (2000). How acute care nurse practitioners in specialty practice interpret their role. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, New York: Adelphi Unversity._Brader-Araje L. & Jones M.G. (2002). The impact of constructivism on education: Language, discourse, and meaning.American Communication Journal. 5(3). _Brooks, J. & Brooks, M. (1993). The case for the constructivist classrooms. Alexandria, VA: ASCD._Burnham, C. (1992). Crumbling metaphors: Integrating heart and brain through structured journals. College Composition and Communication, 43(4), 508-515._Carson, D., Gilmore, A., Perry, C., and Gronhaug, K. (2001). Qualitative marketing research. London: Sage._Chinn, P.L & Kramer, M.K. (2011). Integrated theory and Knowledge Development in nursing, 8th edition. Mosby, Inc. 1-253._Churchill, GA. (1996). Basic marketing research, 3rd edition. Fort Worth, TX: The Dryden Press.

Craig, D., Cloutier, JD., and Bailey, PH. (2007). Concept analysis: The importance of differentiating ontological focus. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 58 (3), 293-300._Cohen, L., Manion, L. and Morrison, (2000). Research Methods in Education (5th ed.). London: Routledge Falmer._Crotty, M. (1998) The Foundation of Social Research: Meaning and Perspectives in the Research Process. London: Sage._Ebert-May, D. Brewer, C. & Allerd, S. (1997). "Innovation in Large Lectures. Teaching for active learning". Bioscience. (47). 601- 607._Grow, Gerald O. (1991/1996). “Teaching Learners to be Self-Directed.†Adult Education Quarterly, 41 (3), 125-149._Hudson, L. and Ozanne, J. (1988). Alternative ways of seeking knowledge in consumer research. Journal of Consumer Research, 14(4), 508-521.

Jonassen, D. H. (1990). Thinking technology: Toward a constructivist view of instructional design. Educational Technology, 30(9), 32-34._Locke, A. 2008. Developmental Coaching: Bridge to Organizational Success. Creative Nursing. 14 (3)_Marsick, V. (1990). Case Studies. In Michael W. Gailbraith. Adult Learning Methods. (Eds.)_Malabar, FL: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Co., Inc.Maturana, H. R. (1991). Response to Jim Birch. Journal of Family Therapy, 13, 349-373._Martone, Maryann. (2012). Big data from small data: A deep survey of the neuroscience landscape data via the neuroscience information framework. 1-42._Marzano, RJ, Pickering, DJ & Pollock JE. (2001). Classroom instruction that works: Research-based strategies for increasing student achievement. Alexandria, VA: ASCD._Merrill, Allison Saricks. (2009). The impact of constructivist teaching strategies on the acquisition, Proquest LLC. 88-100._Nunnery, RK. (2012). Advancing your career: Concepts of professional nursing. 5th edition. F.A Davis Company. 1-115._Nyback, MH. (2013). A constructivist approach to teaching and learning at the degree programme in nursing at Novia university of applied sciences. Serie R: Rapporter. 1-18._Piaget, J. (1969). The mechanisms of Perception. London: Rutledge & Kegan Paul._Ragusa, Angela T. (2010). Interaction in communication technologies and virtual learning environments. Information Science Reference. USA. 229-235._Reinertsen, P. S. & Wells, M. C. (1993). Dialogue journals and critical thinking. Teaching Sociology, 21(2). 182-186._Santrock, John. (2010). Adolescence. McGraw-Hill company, New York. 95._Smith, I. (2003). "Engagement and Student Achievement. Who Care?" Http//www. Ed. Napier. Ac.UK/staffconference/hune2003 /papers/smith. PDF._Splitter, L. (2009). Authenticity and constructivism in education: Studies in Philosophy and Education. Springer Science and Business Media. online at, L. (1962). Thought and language. (E. Hanfman & G. Backer, Trans.) Cambridge, MA.: M.I.T. Press (Originally published in 1934)._Wadsworth, B. (1978). Piaget for the classroom teacher. New York, NY: Longman._Willingham, D. (2009). Why students don’t like school: A cognitive scientist answers questions about how mind works and what it means for the classroom. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

How to Cite
Antonio, G. C. B. (2019). Constructivism: An Approach in Training Nursing Students in the Clinical Setting. International Journal of Nursing, 5(2). Retrieved from
Nursing Education