Metaphor, Nurse’s Vehicle to Carry Caring Mind, An Analysis from Nursing Records

Kanetoshi Hattori

Abstract


Nursing textbooks advice students to use literal expression expressions, which are considered to be objective.  However, we recognize many metaphorical expressions are used by Japanese nurses.  We surveyed database of Japanese Nursing Practice Example Accumulation Center (Kawashima, Retrieved 2012/4/14).  The database included a large number of texts to explain nurses’ activities. 

Concepts developed in cognitive linguistics were used to excavate metaphors, then text mining was applied to sample metaphors systematically.  The sampled metaphors were classified by types of source domain.  Although it is needless to say that statements about emotions include metaphors, it was found that nurses use many metaphors in statements about facts.  Nurses expressions, which include metaphors, are often understated, but the survey of the metaphors revealed that inclusion of the metaphor is expression of caring mind by nurses.


Keywords


metaphors; Nursing Records; Mirror Neuron; Old Jaspanese Language Convention

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References


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